Active Agreements: Active agreements are documented, legal agreements that have come into effect and are currently in force.
Area of Influence: The range or extent of contractual, political, economic or other relationships through which an organization has the ability to materially impact others.
Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM): Artisanal mining may involve individuals or families using pre-industrial techniques, compared to small-scale mining, which may be more extensive and more mechanized. However, both are labour intensive, explore small or marginal deposits, and are characterized by poor access to markets, lack of standards for health and safety, and low capital input. ASM, which ranges from informal subsistence mining by individuals to small formal commercial mining operations, can provide a key source of income in many communities.
Biodiversity: An abbreviation of biological diversity, biodiversity refers to the variety of life on earth: the different animals, plants and micro-organisms, and the ecosystems of which they are a part.
Cap and Trade System: A mechanism designed to limit and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by setting a decreasing limit on their emissions (the cap) and by allowing entities within the system to trade their excess/debt to meet the overall reduction target.
Carbon Accounting: The practice of measuring and quantifying GHG emissions, accounting for both emitting sources (e.g., fossil fuel combustion) and “sinks” that remove GHG from the atmosphere (e.g., forests).
Carbon Dioxide-Equivalent Emissions (CO2e): A unit of measure that converts the emissions of different greenhouse gases into their carbon dioxide equivalent. This allows easier comparison of GHG emissions by using carbon dioxide as a standard unit of reference.
Change in water storage: The net change (positive or negative) in the volume of water stored over the accounting period; a positive number indicates water accumulation and a negative number indicates water reduction.
Charter of Corporate Responsibility: Our set of principles related to business ethics, environment, safety, health and community that governs all of our operating practices and provides overarching sustainability governance commitments.
Closure Plan: A plan that establishes considerations for the closure of an operation under social, economic and environmental parameters that may change over generations. It requires community engagement throughout the mining life cycle.
Code of Ethics: This sets out our company’s dedication to upholding high moral and ethical standards, and specifies basic business conduct and behaviour.
Code of Sustainable Conduct: Outlines our commitments to sustainable development.
Commodity: A commodity is a basic economic product that can be bought and sold, and is used as an input in the production of other goods and services. Most commodities are raw materials, basic resources, agricultural, or mining products.
Commitment: Refers to a non-regulatory obligation applicable to business functions as a result of an initiative of a duly authorized representative of the company.
Communities of Interest (COIs): Any individuals or groups that may be affected by, have an interest in, or have the ability to influence our activities. These include academic and thought leaders, employees, government and regulatory staff, Indigenous Peoples, industry associations, investment communities, local communities, non-governmental organizations, peers, and business partners and suppliers.
Community Investment: A voluntary action or contribution by a company, beyond the scope of their normal business operations, intended to benefit communities of interest in ways that are sustainable and support business objectives.
Concentrates: A product containing valuable minerals from which most of the waste minerals in the ore have been eliminated in a mill or concentrator.
Consequence Classification: The standard for consistently evaluating dam safety that is used in site evaluation, legislation and regulation. The five-tier failure consequence classification system includes the following categories: low, significant, high, very high, and extreme.
Contractor: An organization or individual whose primary function is the provision of services to Teck in accordance with agreed-upon specifications, terms and conditions.
Critical Supplier: Critical suppliers are suppliers of goods or services that, in the event of an interruption in the supply chain, can have a significant impact on Teck’s production, costs and/or revenues.
Due Diligence Assessment: An assessment conducted by internal or external professionals that involves consideration of HSEC issues, risks and liabilities.
Dust fall jar: An open container that is used to collect particles from the air for measurement and analysis.
Electronic Waste (E-waste) Recycling: The process of recycling end-of-life electronics, also known as e-waste, to recover valuable metals that are then reused in new products. E-waste recycling diverts recyclable materials from landfills and extends the life of our natural resources by utilizing what has already been mined.
Emission-intensive trade-exposed (EITE) industries: An industry classification with the following characteristics: high greenhouse gas emissions and exposed to international market forces, either as an exporter or the manufacturer of a product that can be imported.
Employee Turnover: The number or percentage of employees who leave an organization during a certain period of time.
Engagement: A process of contact, dialogue and interaction that ensures that all parties of interest are informed and participating in decisions that affect their future.
Exploration Site: An undeveloped (or underdeveloped) site:
- not under the control of an active operation;
- where field activities are conducted towards characterizing a subsurface mineral or energy resource; and
- encompassing supporting infrastructure that:
- has a primary function or purpose related to Teck’s exploration or mine planning activities; and
- is necessary to access the location or carry out the field activities.
Facility: A site that has infrastructure and/or capital equipment which actively provides a function or service (excluding Exploration sites and those whose infrastructure, equipment or services are solely administrative in nature).
Feedback: A comment, complaint or inquiry about Teck’s products or activities.
Financial Capital: The pool of funds that is available to an organization for use in the production of goods or the provision of services, and that is obtained through financing such as debt, equity or grants, or generated through operations or investments.
Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions: The major GHGs accounted for within this report and as identified under the Kyoto Protocol are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6).
Grievance/Feedback Mechanism: A process that allows us to receive, and effectively organize our response to, feedback from COIs on matters of interest to them related to our activities. Feedback may include questions, issues, ideas, concerns or complaints from COIs.
Groundwater: Water from beneath the earth’s surface that collects or flows in the porous spaces in soil and rock.
Global Reporting Initiative (GRI): The world’s most widely used sustainability reporting framework, consisting of principles, guidelines and indicators to measure and report on an organization’s economic, environmental and social performance.
Health, Safety, Environment and Community (HSEC) Management Standards: A set of standards that provide a consistent and systematic framework for identifying HSEC issues and that help ensure HSEC risks are properly and efficiently managed.
High-Potential Incident: Those events that have the greatest ability to seriously or fatally injure our workforce.
Human Capital: The International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) defines human capital as people’s competencies, capabilities and experience, and their motivations to innovate, including their: (1) alignment with and support for an organization’s governance framework, risk management approach, and ethical values; (2) ability to understand, develop and implement an organization’s strategy; and (3) loyalties and motivations for improving processes, goods and services, including their ability to lead, manage and collaborate.
Human Rights: Refers to the concept of human beings having universal rights, or status, regardless of legal jurisdiction or other localizing factors such as ethnicity, nationality and sex. Human rights covers many issues relevant to a mining company, including health and safety, discrimination, poverty alleviation, Indigenous rights, access to natural resources, and human health. As such, companies have the potential to affect human rights through their relationship with employees, the environment and communities.
Impact (in terms of health, safety, environment and community): Any change to the environment or to the health, safety and well-being of people, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from our activities or products.
Impact Assessments: A study that evaluates the actual or potential impacts (positive or negative) that a site may have on its communities of interest.
Impact Benefit Agreement: An agreement typically made with Aboriginal or Indigenous Peoples that outlines the projected impacts of the project, the commitment and responsibilities to mitigate these impacts and the economic and other benefits that will be shared with the Aboriginal or Indigenous Peoples.
Incident: Teck’s Guidance Document to Health, Safety, Environment and Community (HSEC) Management Standards defines an incident as “an undesirable event arising from company activities that is both unplanned and uncontrolled, regardless of severity of consequences”. Events are considered as ‘incidents’ only to the extent that they arise from company activities, with the implication that there is some ability to exert control over circumstances prior to the event.
Indigenous Peoples: Cultural groups and their descendants who have a historical association with, and continuity in, a particular region or part of a region. They have a cultural identity and, as minorities, they may be vulnerable to current social and economic systems. Indigenous Peoples is the globally used term and Aboriginal Peoples is the term used in Canada. There are three Aboriginal groups in Canada: First Nations, Inuit and Métis. Indigenous Peoples are one of our COIs.
Indirect Economic Impacts: As defined by GRI Economic Indicator Protocol Set, they are the result (often non-monetary) of direct economic impacts (the transactions between an organization and its stakeholders).
Indirect Energy Use: The energy used by Teck but generated by sources owned and controlled by another company (imported electricity, heat or steam).
Influx Management: A mining project can generate significant opportunities for the local and regional economy. When not managed effectively, however, it can also lead to unwanted social and environmental changes. This is especially true in the case of project-induced in-migration (or influx), which is defined as the movement of people into an area in anticipation of, or response to, economic opportunities associated with the development and/or operation of a new project
International Integrated Reporting Council: A global coalition of regulators, investors, companies, standard-setters, the accounting profession and NGOs. The coalition is promoting communication about value creation as the next step in the evolution of corporate reporting. The IIRC’s vision is to align capital allocation and corporate behaviour to wider goals of financial stability and sustainable development through the cycle of integrated reporting and thinking.
International Labour Organization’s Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention (ILO-169): Convention No.169 is a legally binding international instrument open to ratification that deals specifically with the rights of Indigenous and tribal peoples. Today, it has been ratified by 20 countries. Once it ratifies the Convention, a country has one year to align legislation, policies and programs to the Convention before it becomes legally binding. Countries that have ratified the Convention are subject to supervision with regards to its implementation.
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 9001: ISO 9001 is the international standard that specifies requirements for a quality management system. The standard is used to demonstrate the ability to consistently provide products and services that meet customer and regulatory requirements.
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 14000: The family of ISO standards that addresses various aspects of environmental management. It enables an organization of any size or type to identify and control the environmental impact of its activities, products or services, and helps organizations continuously improve their environmental performance and implement systematic approaches to setting their environmental objectives and targets.
International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 14001: Provides a framework for a strategic approach to an organization’s environmental policy plans and actions, outlining the requirements for environmental management systems that are environmentally sustainable.
Job Safety Analysis (JSA): A job safety analysis is a technique that focuses on job tasks as a way to identify hazards before they occur in order to eliminate or reduce the hazards to an acceptable level of risk. It focuses on the relationship between the worker, the task, the tools and the work environment.
Joint Venture: A business agreement in which the parties agree to develop, for a finite time, a new entity and new assets by contributing equity.
Life Cycle Analysis: A full assessment of a product’s impact at every stage of its lifespan, from mining the product, to process and function, to sales and distribution, and appropriate end-of-life management.
Local Community: Persons or groups of persons living and/or working in any areas that are economically, socially or environmentally impacted (positively or negatively) by an organization’s operations. The community can range from persons living adjacent to operations to isolated settlements at a distance from operations, but individuals are still likely to be affected by these operations.
Local Supplier: An organization or person that provides a product or service to the reporting organization, and that it is based in the same geographical market as the reporting organization.
Local Content: Refers to local procurement and employment at a given site.
Lost-Time Injury: An injury resulting in the individual being unable to perform his/her duties on the next scheduled work shift following the initial date of the injury. Lost time is days lost beyond the day of the injury.
Materiality: For the purposes of this report, we regard our material topics and interests as those that may affect the long-term success of our business, including our ability to create and preserve economic, environmental and social value. Material topics and interests include those that have the potential to influence the perception of COIs, including those who intend to make decisions and assessments about our commitment to sustainability. Materiality, in this context, is the threshold at which an issue or interest becomes sufficiently important that it should be reported.
Natural Capital: The International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) defines natural capital as all renewable and non-renewable environmental resources and processes that provide goods and services that support the past, current or future prosperity of an organization. It includes air, water, land, minerals and forests, biodiversity, and ecosystem health.
NANA: The NANA Regional Corporation, Inc. is a Regional Alaska Native corporation owned by the Iñupiat people of northwest Alaska. Red Dog Operations operated by Teck is on lands owned by, and leased from, NANA.
Non-Governmental Organization (NGO): A non-profit group largely funded by private contributions and operated outside of institutionalized government or political structures. NGOs focus on environmental and social issues at local, regional, national and international levels.
Oil Sands: A petroleum deposit containing a mixture of water, clay, sand and a dense form of petroleum called bitumen. Bitumen is processed and upgraded to resemble light crude oil. Surface mining removes bitumen deposits close to the surface and in situ production recovers underground deposits.
Operation: A facility whose primary purpose is the ongoing generation of revenue through either extraction of a mineral or energy resource, or by producing metals or chemicals from precursor materials such as ores, concentrates or other bulk raw materials.
Ore Deposit: Naturally occurring material from which minerals of economic value can be extracted at a reasonable profit.
Potentially Fatal Occurrence (PFO): A PFO is an undesired, high-potential occurrence with the reasonable likelihood to have, under slightly different circumstances, resulted in a fatal injury to an employee or contractor.
Power Purchase Agreement: A power purchase agreement is a contract between two parties, one which generates electricity (the seller) and one which is looking to purchase electricity (the buyer).
Preventive Action: Action to eliminate the cause of a potential non-conformity or non-compliance (compare with corrective action, which is taken after a non-conformity has occurred).
Reclamation: The restoration of a site after mining or exploration activity is completed. Reclamation initiatives are used to create diverse environments that are similar to the pre-mining landscape. These landscapes are meant to attract a variety of wildlife species and to function in ways that will sustain biodiversity over time.
Resource Development Project: A project that satisfies a set of predefined characteristics, such as its degree of current development, and has as its ultimate aim the development of a subsurface mineral or energy resource into a revenue-generating operation.
Return to Work Rate: Return to work rate is the total number of employees who returned to work after parental leave, expressed as a percentage of total number of employees due to return to work after taking parental leave.
Reused and Recycled Water: Water that has been used in an operational task and is recovered and used again in an operational task, either without treatment (reuse) or with treatment (recycle).
Safety and Sustainability Committee: A committee of our Board of Directors that oversees management’s implementation of safety and sustainability practices throughout the company.
Saturated Rock Fill (SRF): SRFs use naturally-occurring biological processes in former mining areas that have been backfilled with rock and saturated with water to remove selenium and nitrate. First, water for treatment is injected into the SRF and then natural bacteria convert dissolved forms of selenium into a solid form, which remains securely stored in the SRF and nitrate to inert nitrogen gas that is safely released.
Scope 1 (Direct) Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Emissions that occur from energy sources that are owned or controlled by the company.
Scope 2 (Indirect) Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Emissions that occur from the generation of purchased electricity consumed by the company. Scope 2 emissions physically occur at the facility where electricity is generated.
Scope 3 (Other Indirect) Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Other indirect emissions not covered in Scope 1 or 2, such as emissions that arise from sources owned or controlled by other companies within the value chain of a company. For example, emissions arising from business travel by employees, the use of our products, and the transportation of materials that we purchase and sell.
Seawater: Water obtained from a sea or ocean.
Severity: A measure of safety performance that illustrates the number of days lost due to injuries. Severity is a frequency measure based on every 200,000 hours worked and is calculated as follows: (number of days missed due to lost-time injuries x 200,000) divided by actual number of hours worked. A fatality is calculated as 6,000 days lost.
Site: A location under the management control of Teck. For example, these include exploration sites, facilities and operations.
Significant Incident: Teck uses a risk management consequence table to determine incident severity, which includes environmental, safety, community, reputational, legal and financial aspects. Significant incidents includes incidents assessed as Level 4 or Level 5 based on our risk matrix and guidance.
Site-wide water balances: Provides an understanding of water inputs, consumption, reuse/recycle and discharge volumes at each operation. Water balances are developed using a mix of measurements and modelling computation.
Social and Environmental Impact Assessment (SEIA): An input to decision-making that seeks to evaluate the significant issues associated with a proposed undertaking (e.g., a resource development project) in order to predict and assess its likely positive and negative impacts. Depending on the scope of the SEIA, the examination of issues may extend to cumulative, transboundary or global impacts, as appropriate. Impact assessment typically includes establishing baseline data, analysis of alternatives, and determination of a management program to mitigate predicted impacts.
Social Baseline: A study to understand the current socio-economic or human environment around a proposed project, mine or associated infrastructure.
Social Management: A management approach that identifies and manages social impacts, which are any positive or adverse consequences experienced by COIs resulting from the existence of, or changes to, our activities. Aspects of social management include our practices, capacity building, structures and systems.
Steelmaking Coal: The various grades of coal that are used in the steelmaking process, including both coals to produce coke and coals that are pulverized for injection into the blast furnace as a fuel. Also known as metallurgical coal.
Supplier: An organization or individual whose primary function is the provision of goods to Teck in accordance with agreed-upon specifications, terms and conditions. (Note: a supplier who in the course of providing goods also provides ancillary services [e.g. delivery of goods] is nevertheless considered a supplier).
Surface water: Water from precipitation and runoff that is not diverted around the operations; includes water inputs from surface waterbodies. that may be located within the boundaries of our operations
Tailings: Ground rock that has no economically recoverable mineral content. Tailings are materials rejected from a mill after recoverable valuable minerals have been extracted.
Tailings Storage Facility (TSF): The collective structures, components and equipment pertaining to tailings impoundment and management including, but not limited to, dams and reservoirs, pipelines, spillways, drains, chutes, gates, intake towers, decant structures, tunnels, canals, low-level outlets, water treatment, control and release facilities, monitoring and surveillance installations, mechanical and electrical controls, power supply, and other appurtenances.
Targets: Detailed performance requirements for achieving HSEC management objectives. Targets are quantifiable or verifiable.
Teck: refers to Teck Resources Limited and its subsidiaries.
Thermal Coal: Coal that is burnt to generate electricity via steam. Also known as steaming coal.
Third-party Water Sources: Water supplied by an entity external to the operation, such as from a municipality; we do not use wastewater from other organizations.
Total Recordable Injury Frequency (TRIF): A key measure of safety performance that demonstrates the total number of recordable injuries per 200,000 hours worked. Recordable injuries include fatalities, lost-time injuries and injuries requiring medical aid. The types of incidents not included in the TRIF calculation include first aid injuries, high-potential incidents, non-injury property damage, and non-injury mobile equipment events. TRIF is calculated as follows: TRIF = (number of medical aid injuries + number of lost-time injuries + number of fatal injuries x 200,000) divided by total number of hours worked. The factor of 200,000 is derived from the average number of hours worked by 100 people in a one-year period (50 working weeks x 40 hours per week x 100 people). This factor is frequently used in North America.
Traditional Knowledge: The knowledge, skills and practices that are passed on from generation to generation within a community and that often form part of its spiritual or cultural identity.
United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: A declaration adopted by United Nations General Assembly, describing that Indigenous Peoples have the right to maintain and strengthen their distinct political, legal, economic, social and cultural institutions, while retaining their right to participate fully, if they so choose, in the political, economic, social and cultural life of the State.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR): A declaration adopted by United Nations General Assembly, describing the human rights guaranteed to all people.
Visible Minorities: As defined by the Canadian Employment Equity Act, Visible Minorities are persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.
Waste Rock: Waste rock is material that is removed to access ores, coal and oil sands, and typically contains trace amounts of naturally occurring metals and other constituents. Where geochemical and physical properties allow, waste rock can be used for construction purposes such as haul roads, retention embankments for tailings storage and similar structures.
Water Consumption: Water that is permanently removed, by evaporation, entrainment (in product or waste) or other losses and not returned to the water environment or a third party.
Water Discharge: Water that is released back to the water environment or to a third party.
Water Withdrawal: All water that enters the operational water system and is used to supply the operational water demands.
World Heritage Site: A landmark or area of cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and legally protected by an international convention administered by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).